The education of the child from 1 year – means, methods, techniques
The identity of the person, according to many psychologists, is formed in the first years of life. That is why it is so important when raising a child from 1 year, during active growth and rapid development, so the child received necessary for future life experiences, which will become the basis in his later life.
So moms and dads, especially the young who have virtually no experience of raising children, you must learn to be parents, gaining the necessary knowledge about the psychological and physiological peculiarities of the development of the baby.
Understanding as the basis of raising a child from 1 year
Most of the difficulties and mistakes of raising a child 1-5 years based on the fact that parents do not understand their children, believing it to be “reduced model” of an adult. Therefore, the parents are quite often frustrated by what is reasonable from their point of view the arguments of child neglect. On the other hand, the desire to make your life and the life of a child in accordance with modern requirements and pace, surrounding the baby different methods of learning at an early age with the use of computer technology does not always bring about the desired result.
Quite often because of the desire of early development parents forget about their main mission is to love the child and understand his needs. The main difference between children and the adult is that the child at an early age only simulates logical thinking, imitating adults, and without stereotypes, it is usually absorbed exclusively by the current moment and situation, while staying “here and now”. Therefore, the majority of children’s emotions are subordinate to the situation – he may genuinely be upset from the loss of a favorite toy, but quickly diverted their attention will attract interest. Children aged 1-5 years usually fully live every moment of his life, getting a pleasure from it.
Also to understand your baby and proper upbringing of the child in 1-2 years, parents need to understand that his mind is not directed to the future. Not having a private experience and advanced abstract thinking, the child is completely immersed in the moment with very specific objects, people and toys.
Features of raising a child in 1-2 years
The main source of development and upbringing of the child in 1.5 years and older is the subject’s activity. For this purpose it is necessary to use various techniques and tools that will promote the rapid development of logical thinking and cognitive activity, and, therefore, accelerate social and emotional development.
For effective raising a child 1-5 years of age need to follow a few rules:
As a child of this age rather quickly tires without movement, the play activity is recommended to combine with physical activity;
Be sure that the baby is not tired, ending the game before it become uninteresting;
Any gaming activity should be accompanied by active communication between adults and children that will contribute to the development of speech.
Also for the successful education of a child in 1-2 years you should know that in order to communicate with the child it is necessary to speak in “plain” language. To a kid quickly understood what his parents want him to do, you should follow some simple rules:
You need to try to make your speech more vivid. For the child it is not a main method of communication, the dominant thinking is clearly-effective. So the clearer and obraznee will appeal to the baby, the faster he will understand what you want from it;
The game is the best way to secure information in the development and education of the child is 1-5 years. With the help of the game is quite easy to simulate different situations, such as filing permanently fixed in the memory of the baby;
Similarly, the games, children understand very well the language of fairy tales. Thus in the education of the young child can be used as known tales, and invented their own. The characters in this case can be put in a situation that you need to explain to a child. Living certain moments along with the characters of the tale, the kid remembers for a long time created the images, and the situation becomes clearer;
If possible you must back up your words with actions. This applies to simple concepts when the child needs to explain the basic rules of personal hygiene or safety;
Easiest need information is remembered when it is presented as if by accident, in the context of the situation. So, discuss the dangers posed by cars is best while walking, and the need to wash hands afterwards immediately upon returning home.
Also, many psychologists in the child’s upbringing in 1.5 years and older are advised to use as little as possible prohibitions and categorical “no”, and instead of prohibitions is better to talk about the consequences and suggest other possibilities. This is because children do not accept any limitations, and also practically do not react to angry phrases and rhetorical questions, which in generalized form describe them bad from the point of view of adult behavior. In addition, children this age don’t understand irony and sarcasm, so in order to get your point across to the child, better for them not to use.
These simple rules will help to establish contact with the child and better understand its needs and features that will make the process of raising a child from 1 year the most pleasant and effective.
The plot of the game as the basis for the education of young children
In addition to games with didactic material, it is necessary to pay attention to and story games. To cast all the everyday situations you can use dolls and toy animals. For starters it is better to use simple and understood by children of this age stories that gradually need to complicate situations and details.
Adults with rational thinking at first glance this game may seem boring and not bearing use for the development and upbringing of the child in 1.5 years and older. However, such games you need to spend as much time as they enrich the experience of the baby and teach it to live, at first glance, parents, minor situation. You can start with consecutive moments happening in the baby’s life – feeding, walking, bathing, playing, putting to sleep, which will contribute to the understanding of the relationship of these actions in his own life.
In this scene games provide many opportunities for the manifestation of imagination and fantasy that is the basis for the development of intellectual abilities of the child. Furthermore, through the story of the game secured the child’s view of reality is clothing, furniture, or utensils. For variety, the game you can enter pictures of birds and animals that will increase the cognitive interest.